Guides, who were also known as “passeurs” (passers), were used to cross the Pyrenees to France; this was easily the most dangerous and specialised task that the evasion groups had to perform. The majority of the Catalan guides were people who had been born and lived in the Pyrenees or who had a very good knowledge of the natural environment, paths and local people and who were therefore well-suited for carrying out such a risky and physically demanding type of work.
Juanito Peremartí (1932)
Juanito looked after his family’s herd of cows at Eth Portilhon from a very young age. He explains to us how the French “passers” gave him money to accompany groups of refugees to the village. He also tells us what happened when they were detained and deported.
Source: Mireia Boya. Interview recorded at Bossòst, in February 2014.
Juana Rodríguez (1930)
Juana, who is originally from Bossòst, explains to us how her father was one of the “passers” who accompanied the refugees from Luchon. She, herself, also participated in these operations on more than one occasion, taking food to those who were hiding in the mountain shelters.
Source: Mireia Boya. Interview recorded at Les, in August 2012.